Global warming refers to the long-term increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature, primarily caused by human activities such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation. The increase in temperature is due to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, primarily carbon dioxide (CO2), which traps heat and warms the planet.
The consequences of global warming are becoming increasingly apparent, including extreme weather conditions, rising sea levels, and melting ice caps. These changes are causing significant environmental and economic impacts, such as damage to infrastructure, loss of biodiversity, and food insecurity.
To address global warming, it is essential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by transitioning to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, and adopting sustainable practices. Individuals can also play a role by reducing their carbon footprint, such as by using public transport, cycling, or walking instead of driving.
It is crucial to take immediate action to mitigate the impacts of global warming and prevent further damage to the environment and human societies. By working together, we can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and create a more sustainable future for generations to come.